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Technology: Product Design & Technology

Task: The must do!

You are required to research ONE material. If there are sub areas of one type of material (e.g. Fabrics - cotton, wool, hemp), then you may choose one of the sub areas.

Your report should cover the following questions and be a minimum of 4 A4 pages with no larger than size 14 font allowed.

  • Provide a definition of your chosen material
  • Where is the raw material found (What is the environmental impact- if any)
  • Where in the world is the material produced? (Include a map of th world to support your explanation)
  • Explain how the raw material/s are processed to create a material that can be then used to manufacture products. (Provide a flow chart/diagram explaining how the material is produced
  • Identify the environmental impacts of mining and or processing of your chosen material.
  • What products are commonly made from this material. (Case Study: Select one particular product and explain its design and how the material is used within this product. Use diagrams etc)
  • Are these products designed to be reused?
  • Are these products able to be recycled? How
  • How are they recycled? Explain the recycling process ( A flow chart/diagram would help explain this process)
  • Wat is the material used for after it is recycled?
  • How could you use the material when designing your lamp (Look back at the case study of the product you investigated in depth earlier).

You must use texts, images, data tables, maps and statistics to support your research

Include references of sources of information.

Topic Areas : Step Three (Some selective websites)


The Steel Story ( The steel story is the history of development. This timeline takes you through the early use of steel, the industrial revolution and the invention of the Bessemer process - through to the high-tech application of the present.                             World Steel Association (The story of steel, images, statistics, environment etc)

Stainless Steel


Brasses from the Copper development association

The use and properties of Bronze


Copper - Australian Government Geoscience

Copper from the Copper development association (Applications, resources, consumers, education, environment)


History of Glass (History, invention and making)

Glass applications - Glass alliance Europe (Glass history, sustainability and environment, future use)


What is Bronze? - definition, composition and properties

Bronze : Characteristics, uses and problems


Metal profile - Tin

Facts about tin

Tin : Background, raw materials, manufacturing process, mining, waste and the future


(please note in the USA and therefore some web sites aluminium is spelt as aluminum without the second i)

Aluminium - The most abundant metal element

Aluminium : background, raw materials, manufacturing, mining, waster and the future (This site is about making aluminium foil, however, the information will be useful)

Aluminium : background, raw materials, manufacturing, byproducts and waste


Cotton : Background, history, raw materials, production process, waste and the future

Cotton Australia ; fact sheets, images etc


Hemp traders: 

Natural fibres : Hemp

Hemp fiber - Global hemp


Wool : Background, raw materials, design, manufacturing, byproducts, quality control and the future

About wool: benefits, uses etc


Acrylic plastic : Background, raw materials, production process, quality control, waste and the future

Everything you need to know about Acrylic


Ceramics : history, properties and processing


Ceramics : making and properties of ceramics


Iron : background, raw materials, extraction and refining, manufacturing process, quality control, waste and the future

How iron and steel work


Note taking

Encyclopaedia Britannica : Step One

Keep your search terms simple (no sentences, only key words).

Search via the name of your material. 

Wikipedia : Step Two

Keep your search terms simple (no sentences, only key words).

Search via the name of your material. 

Referencing your sources